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Slim-fit pants or skinny jeans (when made of denim) have a snug fit through the legs and end in a small leg opening that can be anywhere from 9" to 20" depending on size. Other names for this style include drainpipes, stovepipes, tight pants, cigarette pants, pencil pants, skinny pants, "gas pipes", or skinnies. Skinny jeans taper completely at the bottom of the leg, whereas drainpipe jeans are skinny but then the lower leg is straight instead of tapering and so they are often slightly baggier at the bottom of the leg than skinny jeans. In some styles, zippers are needed at the bottom of the leg to facilitate pulling them over the feet. Stretch denim, with anywhere from 2% to 4% spandex, may be used to allow jeans to have a super-slim fit. Skinny jeans come in a variety of colours and styles.
Before the 18th century, European men wore breeches and hosen. In Tudor times, these breeches were loose-fitting, but by the 1660s, tight breeches were fashionable. These were popularised by Frenchmen at the court of Louis XIII, as part of the three piece suit that also included a type of frock coat called a Justacorps, a tricorne hat, a powdered wig, and a long waistcoat. During the Restoration era, the tighter breeches were introduced to England, and the rest of Europe, because the cut was deemed more flattering to the leg.
From the 16th until the 19th century, the Mughlai nobility attired themselves in tight-fitting Churidars which were worn tied below the knee. These trousers, and other elements of traditional clothing like the Shalwar Kameez, were often worn by Englishmen working in India, especially officers of the East India Trading Company.
The early 19th century
Tight fitting trousers were fashionable from 1805 until 1850, being descended from the loose work trousers worn as a political statement by Sans-Culottes during the French Revolution. These "pantaloons," popularised by Regency era Englishmen like Beau Brummel, were worn high on the waist and tailored to accentuate the leg like the breeches previously fashionable among the upper class. Pantaloons were tied (or buttoned) around the ankle and commonly put into boots.
Drainpipe trousers re-emerged in the 1950s, with popular stars such as the singing cowboy Roy Rogers, Lone Ranger, Cisco Kid, Zorro and Gene Autry, actress Marilyn Monroe, and Sandra Dee wearing their pants very slim to the ankle. Tapered jeans became most notable with country music stars and with the birth of rock and roll in the 1950s, when Elvis Presley donned slim-fitting jeans and shocked the country. Drainpipe jeans and rock 'n' roll were inextricably linked to create the "bad boy" image that remains today.
Skin-tight acid-washed jeans were also very popular in the 1980s with most heavy metal bands, and in particular those in the thrash metal scene, such as Anthrax, Megadeth, Metallica and Slayer. This was the trend for those who did not wear spandex, which was popular with the dominant heavy metal scene at the time. They were often worn with white high-top sneakers or basketball shoes like Converse. By the late 1980s, drainpipe pants were largely superseded by straight leg jeans like Levi 501s, but remained popular among fans of hard rock until the 1990s.
The 2000s saw the continued rejection of slim-fitting pants and jeans throughout the early and middle years in mainstream fashion. However, in 2005, fitted pants were reintroduced to the mainstream market for women. This new pant style was called "skinny jeans". During its first year, skinny jeans were only sold online, and they were not available in stores. Initially, it was not well received by the public, though there were some early adapters. It would not be until 2006 that skinny jeans would gain more steam in fashion world, and by this time skinny jeans were being sold at shopping malls. Throughout 2007 skinny jeans received more mainstream exposure as fashion trends started moving away from the bell bottoms and baggy pants which had been dominant for the past 10 years. Men's skinny jeans were introduced in 2008 and became the norm by 2009.
Skinny jeans had spread to men's fashion in 2008. This continues into the 2010s, as they remain popular. They reached their peak among both genders around 2011 to 2014. They have become so popular that many men have expanded their wardrobe to include tight-fitting chino trousers. In Europe, skinny jeans for boys and men have a loose waist to appear "baggy" at the top but skinny on the legs.
Victorian doctors theorised tight trousers caused an outbreak of apoplexy in New York. However, the veracity of this claim is questionable, given the largely speculative nature of early medicine.
In modern times, some physicians believe tight trousers may cause numbness due to compression of a nerve. For example, this may affect the outer thigh in the condition meralgia paraesthetica.
A recent study by Korean doctors suggests that skinny jeans can cause Varicose veins. Among men, tight trousers may also cause dyspermia due to overheating of the testes.
In the early and mid 2010s, some Middle Eastern Islamist groups disapprove of tight trousers, because they are considered immodest, overtly sexual, or a threat to local traditions. In Saudi Arabia, the police are instructed to arrest teenagers who dress this way because the tight jeans are seen as un-Islamic and, when worn by men, a sign of homosexuality. In the Gaza strip, Palestinian youths caught wearing skinny jeans have been arrested and beaten by the police, and forced to have their hair cut. In Sudan and Iraq, young men and women have been imprisoned, raped and even murdered, for wearing them.
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