The following article was sourced from a Wikipedia page at the following address: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pendant
The word pendant from Old French word "pendre" and the Latin word "pendere", both of which translate to "to hang down". It comes in the form of a loose-hanging piece of jewellery, generally attached by a small loop to a necklace, which may be known as a "pendant necklace". A pendant earring is an earring with a piece hanging down. In modern French "pendant" is the gerund form of “hanging” (also meaning “during”).
One of the earliest types of bodily adornment is the pendant. Primeval man liked to put a tiny hole in a beautiful rock and slip a string usually made of grass or vine so it could be hung around the neck.
Shells and other indigenous materials could also be used. In Ancient Egypt, Pharaohs normally wore scarab beetle pendants to symbolize their wealth and power. Royalty and nobility in Ancient Egypt also wore a certain type of pendant called a cartouche.
Pendants can have several functions, which may be combined:
The many specialized types of pendants include lockets which open, often to reveal an image, and pendilia, which hang from larger objects of metalwork.
Throughout the ages, pendants have come in a variety of forms to serve a variety of purposes.
To read more about pendants, please click on the following link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pendant